- Pasco, JA. Henry, MJ. Nicholson, GC. et al. Vitamin D status of women in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study: Association with diet and casual exposure to sunlight. Med J Aust 2001; 175: 401-405.
- McGrath, JJ. Kimlin, MG. Saha, S. et al. Vitamin D insufficiency in south-east Queensland. Med J Aust 2001; 174: 150-151.
- Grover, S. Morley, R. Vitamin D deficiency in veiled or dark-skinned pregnant women. Med J Aust. 2001: 175: 251-252.
- Nowson, C. MacInnis, R. Stein, M. et al. Vitamin D deficiency in residential care facilities in Australia. Proc Nut Soc Aust. 2000: 24: 154.
- Parfitt, AM. Osteomalacia and related disorders. In: Avioli LV, Krane, SM. eds. Metabolic bone disease and clinically related disorders. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1990:329-96.
- Holick, MF. Vitamin D: importance in the prevention of cancers, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, March 2004. Vol. 79, No. 3, 362-371.
- Puchacz, E. Stumpf, WE. Stachowiak, EK. Stachowiak, MK. Vitamin D increases expression of the tyrosine hydroxylase gene in adrenal medullary cells. Brain Res.Mol. 1996. 36:193-6.
- Gloth, FM 3rd. Alam, W. Hollis, B. Vitamin D versus broad spectrum phototherapy in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder. J Nutr Health Aging. 1999. 3(1):5-7.
- Holick, MF. Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, December 2004. Vol. 80, No. 6, 1678S-1688S.
- Merlino, LA. Curtis, J. Mikuls, TR. Cerhan, JR. Criswell, LA. Saag, KG. Vitamin D intake is inversely associated with rheumatoid arthritis: Results from the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2004. 50: 1.PG: 72-77.
- Pappa, HM. Gordon, CM. Saslowsky, TM. Zholudev, A. Horr, B. Shih, MC. Grand, RJ. Vitamin D Status in Children and Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Pediatrics Nov 2006. 118(5). 1950 – 1961.
- Munger, KL. Zhang, SM. O’Reilly, E. Hernán, MA. Olek, MJ. Willett, WC. Ascherio, A. Vitamin D intake and incidence of multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2004; 62:60-65.
- Munger, KL. Levin, LI. Hollis, BW. Howard, NS. Ascherio, A. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA 2006; 296:2832-8.
- . Grant, WB. An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the U.S. due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer. March 2002; 94:1867-75.
- Grant, WB. An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortality rates. Cancer 2002 Jan 1:94 (1):272-81.
- Lamprecht, SA. Lipkin, M. Cellular mechanisms of calcium and vitamin D in the inhibition of colorectal carcinogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Dec 2001, 952:73-87.
- Mokady, E. Schwartz, B. Shany, S. A protective role of dietary vitamin D3 in rat colon carcinogenesis. Nutr Cancer. 2000: 38(1):65-73.
- Polek, TC. Weigel, NL. Vitamin D and prostate cancer. J Androl. 2002 Jan-Feb;23(1):9-17.
- Tuohimaa, P. Lyakhovich, A. Aksenov, N. Vitamin D and prostate cancer. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2001 Jan-Mar;76(1-5):125-34
- see Reference 14 – Grant, WB.
- US National Institutes of Health website – https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/vitamind.asp
- Grant, WB. An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the U.S. due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer. March 2002; 94:1867-75.
- Grant, WB. Insufficient sunlight may kill 45,000 Americans each year from internal cancer J Col Dermatol. 2004: 3.176-78.
- Grant, WB. Garland, CF. Holick, MF. Comparisons of estimated economic burdens due to insufficient solar ultraviolet irradiance and vitamin D and excess solar UV for the United States. Photochem Photobiol. 2005. 81:1276-1286.
- . Grant, WB. Garland, CF. The association of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) with reducing risk of cancer: multifactorial ecologic analysis of geographic variation in age-adjusted cancer mortality rates. Anticancer Res 2006; 26:2687-99.
- Godar, DE. Landry, RJ. Lucas, AD. Increased UVA exposures and decreased cutaneous Vitamin D(3) levels may be responsible for the increasing incidence of melanoma. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Apr;72(4):434-43.
- Dr Holick is the author of the books, ‘The Vitamin D Solution’ and ‘The UV Advantage’
- Gilchrest, B. Eller, M. Geller, A. Yaar, M. The Pathogenesis of Melanoma Induced by Ultraviolet Radiation. The New England Journal of Medicine. April 29, 1999.
- Refer 26. Godar, DE et al.
- Moan, J. Dahlback, A. Porojnicu, AC. At what time should one go out in the sun. Advanced Experiments in Medical Biology 2008; 624: 86-88.
- Sullivan, K. Naked at Noon, Understanding Sunlight and Vitamin D, 2002.
- There are a number of correlation studies suggesting a link between chemical sunscreens and increased melanoma. A couple of good examples include
Other good resources include,
Krispin Sullivan’s book, Naked at Noon
Dr. Michael Holick’s books, The Vitamin D Solution & The UV Advantage.