Midday Sun – Avoid It at Your Peril: REFERENCES:

  1. Pasco, JA. Henry, MJ. Nicholson, GC. et al. Vitamin D status of women in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study: Association with diet and casual exposure to sunlight. Med J Aust 2001; 175: 401-405.
  2. McGrath, JJ. Kimlin, MG. Saha, S. et al. Vitamin D insufficiency in south-east Queensland. Med J Aust 2001; 174: 150-151.
  3. Grover, S. Morley, R. Vitamin D deficiency in veiled or dark-skinned pregnant women. Med J Aust. 2001: 175: 251-252.
  4. Nowson, C. MacInnis, R. Stein, M. et al. Vitamin D deficiency in residential care facilities in Australia. Proc Nut Soc Aust. 2000: 24: 154.
  5. Parfitt, AM. Osteomalacia and related disorders. In: Avioli LV, Krane, SM. eds. Metabolic bone disease and clinically related disorders. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1990:329-96.
  6. Holick, MF. Vitamin D: importance in the prevention of cancers, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, March 2004. Vol. 79, No. 3, 362-371.
  7. Puchacz, E. Stumpf, WE. Stachowiak, EK. Stachowiak, MK. Vitamin D increases expression of the tyrosine hydroxylase gene in adrenal medullary cells. Brain Res.Mol. 1996. 36:193-6.
  8. Gloth, FM 3rd. Alam, W. Hollis, B. Vitamin D versus broad spectrum phototherapy in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder. J Nutr Health Aging. 1999. 3(1):5-7.
  9. Holick, MF. Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, December 2004. Vol. 80, No. 6, 1678S-1688S.
  10. Merlino, LA. Curtis, J. Mikuls, TR. Cerhan, JR. Criswell, LA. Saag, KG. Vitamin D intake is inversely associated with rheumatoid arthritis: Results from the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2004. 50: 1.PG: 72-77.
  11. Pappa, HM. Gordon, CM. Saslowsky, TM. Zholudev, A. Horr, B. Shih, MC. Grand, RJ. Vitamin D Status in Children and Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Pediatrics Nov 2006. 118(5). 1950 – 1961.
  12. Munger, KL. Zhang, SM. O’Reilly, E. Hernán, MA. Olek, MJ. Willett, WC. Ascherio, A. Vitamin D intake and incidence of multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2004; 62:60-65.
  13. Munger, KL. Levin, LI. Hollis, BW. Howard, NS. Ascherio, A. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA 2006; 296:2832-8.
  14. . Grant, WB. An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the U.S. due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer. March 2002; 94:1867-75.
  15. Grant, WB. An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortality rates. Cancer 2002 Jan 1:94 (1):272-81.
  16. Lamprecht, SA. Lipkin, M. Cellular mechanisms of calcium and vitamin D in the inhibition of colorectal carcinogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Dec 2001, 952:73-87.
  17. Mokady, E. Schwartz, B. Shany, S. A protective role of dietary vitamin D3 in rat colon carcinogenesis. Nutr Cancer. 2000: 38(1):65-73.
  18. Polek, TC. Weigel, NL. Vitamin D and prostate cancer. J Androl. 2002 Jan-Feb;23(1):9-17.
  19. Tuohimaa, P. Lyakhovich, A. Aksenov, N. Vitamin D and prostate cancer. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2001 Jan-Mar;76(1-5):125-34
  20. see Reference 14 – Grant, WB.
  21. US National Institutes of Health website – https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/vitamind.asp
  22. Grant, WB. An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the U.S. due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer. March 2002; 94:1867-75.
  23. Grant, WB. Insufficient sunlight may kill 45,000 Americans each year from internal cancer J Col Dermatol. 2004: 3.176-78.
  24. Grant, WB. Garland, CF. Holick, MF. Comparisons of estimated economic burdens due to insufficient solar ultraviolet irradiance and vitamin D and excess solar UV for the United States. Photochem Photobiol. 2005. 81:1276-1286.
  25. . Grant, WB. Garland, CF. The association of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) with reducing risk of cancer: multifactorial ecologic analysis of geographic variation in age-adjusted cancer mortality rates. Anticancer Res 2006; 26:2687-99.
  26. Godar, DE. Landry, RJ. Lucas, AD. Increased UVA exposures and decreased cutaneous Vitamin D(3) levels may be responsible for the increasing incidence of melanoma. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Apr;72(4):434-43.
  27. Dr Holick is the author of the books, ‘The Vitamin D Solution’ and ‘The UV Advantage’
  28. Gilchrest, B. Eller, M. Geller, A. Yaar, M. The Pathogenesis of Melanoma Induced by Ultraviolet Radiation. The New England Journal of Medicine. April 29, 1999.
  29. Refer 26. Godar, DE et al.
  30. Moan, J. Dahlback, A. Porojnicu, AC. At what time should one go out in the sun. Advanced Experiments in Medical Biology 2008; 624: 86-88.
  31. Sullivan, K. Naked at Noon, Understanding Sunlight and Vitamin D, 2002.
  32. There are a number of correlation studies suggesting a link between chemical sunscreens and increased melanoma. A couple of good examples include

Other good resources include,

Krispin Sullivan’s book, Naked at Noon
Dr. Michael Holick’s books, The Vitamin D Solution & The UV Advantage.

Mark Bunn

Mark Bunn – is a leading natural health researcher specialising in Ayurvedic medicine, author of the three-time best-selling ‘Ancient Wisdom for Modern Health‘ and one of Australasia's most popular health and performance speakers.  Mark is also CEO of David Lynch Foundation Australia.